Cultural Heritage Collaborators

Introduction

Cultural Heritage includes the tangible items that are considered worthy of preservation for the future due to their reflection of a society’s identity. It also encompasses intangible values and customs that are passed from one generation to another. Cultural Heritage Collaborators work to preserve knowledge by making sure appropriate tangible items are retained for the future and that intangible information is identified and recorded. Everyone has the potential to be a Cultural Heritage Collaborator. This article explores the reasons we would want to become one and how we can participate.

The focus of the discussion is on archives. Archives form the foundation of what we know about society and are found in every home and institution in the civilized world. Archives are records that should be kept permanently because of their long-term value. Unique among other materials created by humans, archives are the original documents made by the participants in an event of activity. Also referred to as “primary sources,” archival materials include manuscripts, ledgers, diaries, photographs, original recordings and digital material. They are not mass- produced. They are not necessarily old and are not always produced by well-known people. Because of archives’ common character, every member of society has the potential to support cultural heritage through our archival foundation.

Cultural Heritage Collaborators

Cultural heritage collaborators include professionals such as museologists, librarians, and archivists who care for the materials humans create that reflect history. Though only archivists specialize in retaining historic records, all of these professionals manage items that are vital to our cultural heritage. In fact, they all use archives in their daily activities to help support their specialized cultural knowledge and collections. The collaborators also embrace clerks, secretaries, records managers and others charged with retaining a specific history. Finally, there are “Citizen Archivists.” These are people who may or may not know much about cultural resources. They may have some interest in collecting or preserving materials. Or, they may not be conscious of any personal interest in retaining cultural items, but possess records that hold importance for historical memory. Working with diverse people across society, we can properly identify and protect the resources that should be saved for our future.

You are likely a “Citizen Archivist,” retaining family papers and documents that tell about individual life stories. The records you keep in your home — letters, diaries, account ledgers, calendars — reflect your life and who you are. These materials are important to you because they help you define your own identity, ensure your legacy when you pass them down to the next generation, and help you preserve your own cherished memories of family, friends and community. However, every individual story helps make up a larger community history and your personal records have a broader appeal. Many professional repositories, such as historical societies, build a large portion of their collections on personal papers. It is important for people to realize that the documentation that preserves their memories and reflects their family history often has importance in a larger context that relates to neighborhoods, states, or nations.

Why Value Cultural Heritage and Archives?

Valuing a common heritage allows us to better understand our place in the world, boosting self esteem and a sense of belonging. Cultural heritage appreciation fosters a sense of community and strengthens civic pride based on a shared and documented history. There are even more concrete reasons to value and preserve our documented community history:

1. Archives provide primary information about society’s activities to help everyone recognize and evaluate events for themselves. Primary sources allow us to go to the source of information so we can try to discern truth and reality from fiction and biases without relying on secondary opinions. Original documents have the potential to give us multiple perspectives so we may contemplate diverse ideas that develop due to people’s different ways of thinking and different environments.

2. Records ensure administrative continuity as organizations and businesses function and evolve. They help ensure a smooth-running society governed with order and efficiency. They allow us to hold public officials accountable through organized public records that can be viewed by citizenry, also ensuring our rights and freedoms. Archives allow us to hold liable those who stifle more, repress societies and otherwise degrade human rights. They provide evidence against those who break laws.

3. Recorded materials allow us to plan for the future by reviewing past mistakes and successes. They allow us to evaluate society and distinguish trends from more permanent traits of diversified culture.

4. Historical records can be used to market a community and promote tourism using a deep knowledge about the community’s history and strengths. They can serve to promote the value of an area to researchers, encouraging them to study and write about local history.

Archives also support education and lifelong learning, preserve memories, provide fodder for programming and entertainment, and help ensure our legacy. Due to all these roles, archives should be valued and protected.

What Can You Do?

– Learn what organizations in your area collect archives. Support their efforts by becoming a member of their institution, visiting, serving on a board, or spreading the word about their work.

– Examine the materials in your possession and make note of what cultural items you keep. Properly care for them by preserving and organizing

– Educate yourself about culture and archives by noticing cultural heritage resources all around you. Your knowledge will help you become an informed supporter.

– Become a cultural heritage collaborator by directly reaching out to a professional cultural heritage collaborator at your local historical society, public library or museum. Talk to a special librarian or archivist about your own materials. Learn about their collections and donate items in your possession that are valuable to community history.

– Help create a collaborative that focuses on gathering and preserving documentation that will preserve community memory.

A community of collaborators has a greater opportunity to raise awareness, increase enthusiasm, build support, boost goodwill, fully document a community or place, and encourage pride than any one of us working alone. Valuing your history, learning about the resources upon which we base our history, and actively promoting the preservation of these materials. This will help us sustain our communities and the things we value while propelling us successfully toward the future.

Homeschooling – Unschooling, Freedom or Anarchy?

While some parents may still balk at the thought of homeschooling their children, it is more widely accepted than the relatively new educational approach: unschooling. Unschooling is a rather unstructured approach to education. As the name would suggest, it means approaching learning, sans a curriculum, but instead allowing the child to explore whatever interests them. The child proceeds at his or her own pace and can choose to learn any topic in any order that they choose.

The basic concept that underlies this movement comes from two views regarding child development. One is that children are naturally curious. They begin exploring their environment almost from birth. They want to touch, taste, smell, hear and see everything around them. They want to discover for themselves what they can do. As they become verbal they ask question after question.

The second concept is that a child will naturally take an interest in certain things in the world around them but may be less interested in other things. They make these value choices early in life.

By using these two fundamental concepts as a jumping off point, those who advocate unschooling assert that the best approach to learning is to allow the child to lead. The child chooses what to study, when and how. These children have no pre set curriculum, but simply explore the things that interest them.

Unschoolers differ in their approach to parental involvement and guidance. Some believe that the child should take the helm and the parent should adopt a hands off approach entirely while others are more involved, sharing topics that excited them, answer questions and even assist in finding solutions to problems. This experiential approach is controversial and the results are mixed.

This approach is very successful with children who are very independent and highly motivated. These children will actively seek out areas that are interesting to them and useful, making use of the knowledge later. Many unschooled children have gone on to pursue Ivy League academic careers and excelled. These children have a lifelong love of learning.

Other children take a more scattershot approach, gaining in depth knowledge in just one or two areas and getting very little or no knowledge is other areas. Many homeschoolers disagree on just what subjects are important and should be learned and which are not as important. It is a common area of contention among homeschooling families.

For instance, many people do not learning science and mathematics. Either they have a difficult time learning it or they are not interested. For a small population, this is not a problem, but for the majority of people, they need an understanding of math and science that extends beyond the rudimentary, particularly with our society experiencing such rapid technological advances.

On the other hand, some people may focus heavily on subjects such as science and mathematics but have no exposure to art, literature, fine music, history and other areas of the humanities. For some people that is perfectly fine, but for many homeschoolers it indicates a deprivation in an area where the child could be enriched and enlightened.

There is no doubt that there must be a balance between these two camps. Many argue that it is essential. However unschooling does not work to achieve that when it relies solely on the child to discover and choose the route he or she wants to take.

Unschooling has been advocated as far back as the mid 1960s by John Holt, one of the foremost writers on homeschooling. However, as of this date, studies that have followed unschoolers and have analyzed the long term effects of this approach are still inconclusive and on going. At this time only personal views and experience are the only guide to determine the worth of this educational method.

Some Tips On How To Crate Train A Dog Like A Pro

How Does A High School Athletic Program Become Great?

I have often wondered what makes excellence in high school athletics? I grew up in an high school that demanded excellence in all of their sports programs, boys and girls. But, it was not always that way. Actually, when I attended this high school, our school was very average in sports. But, during my senior year, something magical happened. It just seemed like all of our sports teams started to get better and better. We won the state championship that year in both boys basketball and football. The next year, the school won state in football, track, cross country and girls tennis. After that, my high school has never looked back. What happened? How did we go from being average to being great? What was the tipping point? Was it just a great class of kids? Was it the coaching staff? What happened?

Well, before I Get There, Excellence In High School Athletics Is Earned…

By comparison, many years later, I know of a high school that is just the opposite. Academics in the school are great. I really believe the teachers, administrators and coaching staff are terrific. And… so are the kids. But, on the athletic field or court, they just don’t have it. They finish at the bottom of the pack every year in every sport. Why? How can one school set records for the number of state championships, while another school sets records for the number of losing seasons?

I have had the fortune of being involved with both types of athletic programs. You would think that being involved with a winning program is much easier. I would beg to differ. Being involved with a winning program is much tougher than being involved with a losing program. It’s tougher on the administrator, the coach staff, the parents, and especially the players.

Excellence In High School Athletics – Here’s Why It’s Tougher…

Being involved in a winning athletic program demands excellence. Everyone in a winning program knows that winning requires a total commitment to excellence. Winners don’t take shortcuts. Winners come in early and stay late. Winners work-out in the off-season. The community demands winning. The school demands winning. The parents, the school administrators, the coaches… they all demand winning. In order to win… everyone must do their job. It’s just not performance on the field. That is actually the end result of each person’s everyday effort to reach the same goal… to win.

But, how does a high school get to that position? How to you go from bad to average to great. I believe it starts with the school administrators. The administrators of the school must develop this attitude. This attitude must then be demanded of the entire coaching staff. Being average is no longer an option. If the coach is not willing to demand excellence, to put in a 110% effort toward the development of their sports program… they are out. The coaches need to develop their current high school players. And… they need to work with the middle and elementary schools to develop their feeder program. They need to understand… being average is no longer an option. Period.

Excellence In High School Athletics – Parents Are Key…

After you get this attitude down with the coaching staff, the school needs to move on to the parents. A culture change needs to happen. Some people say this takes time. This is total nonsense. Excellence in athletics needs to happen now! The school needs to step up and tell the parents how things are going to change. The school needs to ask the parents for their help. Make no mistake, if the athletic program is going to change for the better, the parents must be a big part of the change. The school needs total buy-in from the families. Everyone needs to understand that winning comes with a price. If everyone is willing to pay the price… winning will happen. The school might not win the state title every year, but more kids from that school will play sports in college, and the school will see a huge positive difference in their athletic program.

To get this all going, it takes one person. One person in authority at the high school needs to stand up and say “enough!!!.” Until that happens, nothing will change. One person needs to stand up. In my school is was the athletic director. In other schools it might be the principal. But, it always starts with one person.

Excellence In High School Athletics – Getting Back To the Losing School…

The losing program just does not have the commitment. It’s that simple. When you go to meetings, it’s always time to hear 100 different excuses why they can’t compete. The culture of winning is just not present. The difference maker, the one person who starts it all… does not exist. In the losing program, no one runs the program. In the losing program, no one is willing to stand up and make a difference. So, what happens… because the school does not demand excellence, that attitude filters down to the coaches, the parents and to the players. If they win great, but if they lose… well, that’s what they expect anyway.

Excellence in high school athletics starts at the top. It’s an attitude. To win you must be willing to pay the price. It’s really that simple.

Free iPhone Game Apps

For the best free iPhone game apps you could do a lot worse than check out one of the many app review sites that are now beginning to dominate the app internet space.

App review sites usually include a quick an easy link to Apple’s App Store for you to download the app.The big plus is the honesty you get in the reviews section. Real customers giving good honest feedback. Plus the “free” categories are great, and are a fantastic place to pick up the best free apps.

Customers hungry for apps are evolving. No longer impressed by just any old app, they now want only the best and why not? When space is limited on the device it is perhaps only natural to want only the best apps using up that valuable device real estate.

We’ve all been there, eagerly waiting for an app to download to the device, then being utterly deflated by the app itself. Let’s face it, yes there are apps for almost everything, but you’re certainly not going to want the vast majority of them! Capitalizing on this quite nicely are the free review sites that are now popping up that encourage the community to add their comments, reviews and even videos all with one thing in mind – giving an honest appraisal of the apps they’ve encountered.

While the second gold rush for developers is certainly on with the recent launch of Apple’s iPad, developers will have to step up their game if they want to cash in this time around. The market has evolved. We’re less impressed and ready to criticise!! Developers are becoming more savvy too, giving away free ‘lite’ versions of their apps, which is also a great way to pick up some fun freebies.
So check out one of these app review sites and grab yourself some free cool game apps.

The Best Apps for Photography – 2013

We all want to take photos of things that mean something to us or that we think are or look cool and in this day and age, it is easy to download photography apps that make them look awesome in seconds with just your smartphone. They are doing great things for keeping up the popularity of photography for all ages. These all help you with editing photos that you have already taken and can have varying effects so that you can bring out the effects that you wanted your phone to do automatically. So for those of you out there who want just this, then here are some highlights on the best photography apps for 2013, in no specific order.

Camera+ is generally for iPhone and iPad users who want to use the app to bring out effects and zooming so that you can snap away but add all sorts of effects afterwards.

And then there was Instagram that everyone knows because of how popular it is on social networking. The smartphone photography app gives you the option of 16 different filters, uploads it to your social media and saves the image onto your camera roll. This is ultimately a good rounder, gives you what you need plus a little more.

Autostich is awesome for making your own panoramic shots on all sorts of occasions. It cleverly recognises the elements in the image and makes it easy for you to shoot your 360° environment with only the length of time it takes to shoot all the photos.

iDarkroom is great for getting vintage darkroom effect photos with tons of options as to lighting and shading and different colour filters. This is another smartphone photography app that allows you to share on social media.

Diptic enables you to place your image onto a format, layout or grid. This allows you to play around with many images and contrast them against each other. You can make a sequence of photos, make a before and after effect, with anything, regardless of whether it has changed.

The Photographer’s Ephemeris is perfect for those who want to take interesting and beautiful outdoor photos. It cleverly lets you use mapping tools that allow you to work out where the best angle to take the photo from is based on the light available. It does this by detecting where in the world you are and at what time of day and uses this information to give you guidelines.

Another is Snapseed that adds a little more than providing the general filters etc. because it allows you to manipulate the transparency of the textures that are captured in the image. Also, it allows you to apply more than one filter and different variations and manipulations that ultimately give you all the control over an endless variety and choice of ultimate styles and effects for the image without requiring special skills on image editors or even photography itself.

There are many more smartphone photography apps that are available but it what is most suited to you depends on what you want to shoot, what effects you like, the tricks and tools that they provide etc. So if you are keen to explore and play around, download a few, try out different shots and uses and see what is the best smartphone photography app for you.

We hope you found our guide to the best photography apps useful!

Choosing an International School

Choosing a School Abroad

A major cause of concern for families moving abroad is the provision of education for their children. Many worry that schools in the destination country may not be able to offer the same standard of education that has previously been available in the country of citizenship. Research is vital prior to any move abroad in order to make the best decision for your family.

Many countries around the world, particularly those with a high proportion of expatriates, have a number of international schools which use familiar models of education such as American, British or other systems. These schools generally follow the curriculum of their chosen model and teach in their native language. A growing number of international schools follow the International Baccalaureate which is accepted as an entrance for university around the world. International Schools tend to be located in the major cities of the world, although a few are located in green spaces and these tend to offer boarding as an alternative to a long journey from home to school. Most good international schools offer a wide range of extra-curricular activities that broaden your child’s education as well as providing new interests and hobbies.

As well as the international school option, it may also be possible to enroll your child into a local bilingual school. The advantages of this would be that your child will quickly develop new language skills and would better assimilate into the local community. A downside however would be that the bilingual school would most probably follow a different system than your child is used to and there may be problems reintegrating back into schools at home or universities. An international school would be a safer choice, although these do tend to be more expensive than bilingual schools. Whilst a school may describe itself as an International School, it is important to check out the nationalities of the students on role as some international schools can have a student population comprising almost entirely of local students. In these situations overseas students can often feel isolated and unable to join in with the rest of the school community.

Careful Planning

Before enrolling your child in any school abroad, make a visit to the school and determine if the school offers the best for your child. Take your child with you on each visit so they also get a feel for the school. Some international schools will be selective and others may have long waiting lists. Make sure that the school you select is within traveling distance from home and there is adequate provision for transport to and from school. It is often quite beneficial to decide on a school first and then look for housing after.

International School Selection Checklist

Are you looking for a good international school in Bangalore for your kids? Are you overwhelmed by the options open to you? Are you struggling to make a good decision? Read through this checklist. This will help you make a better, smarter and more informed decision.

  1. Does the school really have an international look and feel?
  2. Is the school located in a quiet, natural locale, conducive to learning?
  3. Does the school have international accreditations?
  4. International Baccalaureate (IB) and IGCSE are globally-recognized academic models. Does your international school follow either of these curriculums?
  5. Is there a focus on extra-curricular activities as much as on academics?
  6. Does the school focus on sports that your kids are used to playing (like baseball, rugby)?
  7. Does the school have air-conditioned classrooms as Indian weather can be hot and humid?
  8. Does the school have top-of-the-line infrastructure in terms labs and other resources?
  9. Are the teaching faculty trained to handle international students?
  10. Does the school serve global cuisine in its cafeteria?
  11. Does the school follow the Indian year or the American year?
  12. If it’s a residential school, check to see if your child will feel at home in his boarding room?
  13. Will the school take care of the transportation needs of the child?
  14. How will the school help smoothen your child’s transition to a new environment?

If you are an expat looking to enroll your child in an international school in India, look up the web to see what IB schools in Bangalore have to offer. Talk to parents of children attending each school. Take a walk through around schools that interest you, if possible, take your child along with you. Do all this, before you make your decision. After all, your child deserves the best.

Drivers Education – Online Approach

Online drivers education encompasses professional preparation methods that driving schools have set in order to meet the latest demands upcoming drivers have set. The online method is addressed to various categories of age, however the most enthusiastic customers are teens who adore interactive software programs. Parents favor this internet based programs since teens can attend these programs during and after school classes from home. Drives who accumulated a particular amount of driving tickets but are too busy to enter a usual course, aim their interest to this method. Also, every driver concerned to meliorate his driving abilities can apply for the expert online drivers education.

Because of an ongoing competition, every particular driving school try to enlarge its offer and the online drivers education has a major prospective. The trend is to increase the options and to individualize as much as possible every training program. So, mobility is the basic characteristic of any accredited online drivers education course. This is the starting point for other major assets of online drivers education. Listed below are the main reasons for entering these internet based programs:

* interactivity

The online drivers education effectively achieves the demands the law requires. Web-based learning and preparation is approved as any other conventional method. Furthermore, it has a high degree of interactivity and in reality stand for a complete simulator. The preparation courses and efficiently created to fulfill all vital requirements necessary to get a driving license.

* fee and time reduction

The online drivers education has generated major benefits by way of monetary expenses. This aspect is closely related to the time administration. People with less time to spend impart the advantages of on-line teaching methods. They were capable of successfully schedule the courses at their pace. Each unit ends with a questionnaire designed to accustom candidates with the final examination. Parents find online drivers education to be a major application since their own timetable is always full.

* personalized approach

Considering the various type of candidates, online drivers education programs have been continuously improved to match everyone requirements. These internet based applications were made to assist teenagers obtain their license but also to assist aged people meliorate their driving skills and for drivers who are concerned in dismissing recently accumulated traffic ticket.

Online preparation and examination seems to get more and more interest on behalf of the clients who appear to have an improved picture of these programs as time goes by. Additionally, driving school managers are eager to face any challenges to be able to promote their offer. Newest technologies allow teens to collect all the necessary information on this matter. A special interest is paid to safety regulations that all future drivers should comprehend and to respect. Managers have developed particular applications on this topic. The examination procedure has the purpose of detecting any potential weaknesses or bad behavior in traffic with the purpose to eliminate them. This is furnished by the attendance to specialized web-based preparation programs.

Driver’s Education Books

Most students prefer online courses to classes being offered in school when it comes to driver education. However, for those who cannot afford these online classes, driver education books would be a good option.

These books have earned some rave reviews from people who have actually used them. They offer complete information and keep the reader’s interest with colorful illustrations. The content is approved by the state and can be bought from the nearest DMV. Some books can be bought on the Internet also and are written by private authors. Even though these books are also very interesting, many might prefer to buy the book from the DMV instead of outside, keeping in view the difference in the cost between the two varieties of education books.

Most driver education books provide very clear and precise text and are well written. A book that provides a program that helps students manage the risks and responsibilities of driving might be a good alternative to a regular course.

Books such as 110 CAR AND DRIVING EMERGENCIES provide quick answers to any problem a driver might possibly face, whether it’s mechanical, electrical, weather, or an on-the-road hazard. It is a book that shows how to deal with minor problems or major hazards calmly, either in the driveway or garage or on the road far away from home. These books can fit easily in a car’s glove compartment for easy access.

Some books provide interesting information even to experienced drivers in brief informative chapters. They help in situations where the driver needs to handle difficult driving situations, and how to deal with an emergency such as fender benders, tire changes, and overheated engines. These books are user-friendly and make reading even the most boring topics seem interesting.